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The California Western School of Law Legal Scholarship for Public Documents Style Guide outlines listing order and citation style for documents that are consumed by audiences that are not familiar with Bluebook style. The following guidelines blend the structure of Bluebook with Associated Press (AP) editorial styles. AP style is more familiar to larger audiences, reducing confusion for audiences outside of legal practice.

Style questions addressed in this guide are in accordance with the CWSL Editorial Style Guide. For queries that are not addressed herein, California Western defers to the AP Stylebook.

To submit comments or request changes to this guide, please contact Marketing and Communications via email.


List legal scholarship in public documents in chronological order (most recent first), ordered by scholarly importance: (1) books, (2) book chapters, (3) academic journal articles, and (4) popular media articles. (5) Presentations and participation at academic symposia can be included with scholarship listings, but are entirely optional.

  1. Books
    • Book Title, 3rd Ed. (with co-author[s]) (editor[s], ed[s].) (publisher, year).
      • Only the title is italicized. Volumes and editions are not.
      • Use only last name[s] for co-author[s] and editor[s].
      • If the book is forthcoming, include the word before the year: (publisher, forthcoming year).
    • "Article Title" in Blog Name (with co-author[s]) (month day, year).
      • Use only last name[s] for co-author[s] and editor[s].
  2. Chapters of Books or Articles within Books
    • "Chapter/Article Title" in Book Title, 3rd Ed. (with co-author[s]) (editor[s], ed[s].) (publisher, year).
      • Only the title is italicized. Volumes and editions are not.
      • Use only last name[s] for co-author[s] and editor[s].
      • If the book is forthcoming, include the word before the year: (publisher, forthcoming year).
  3. Journal Articles
    • "Article Title" in 20 Journal Title 145 (with co-author[s]) (year).
      • The '20' is the volume; the '145' is the page number. Only the actual title is italicized. The volume and page number are not.
      • Use only last name[s] for co-author[s].
      • If the article is forthcoming, include the word before the year: (forthcoming year).
  4. Other Print and Electronic Media
    • "Article Title" in Print Media Name (with co-author[s]) (month day, year).
      • Only newspaper or magazine name is italicized.
      • Use only last name[s] for co-author[s].
  5. Symposia Presentations/Participation
    • "Presentation Name," at Conference or Symposium Name, in City, State (with co-presenter[s]) (month day, year).
      • Use only last name[s] for co-presenter[s].
      • Spell out state name.