California Western School Of Law building background

Simulation Courses

Graduating law school and passing the bar are the required steps to becoming a lawyer, but the career entails so much more. Lawyers must be able to communicate effectively with clients, colleagues, judges, lawyers, and all parties involved in a case. We provide students with the opportunity to develop these skills with over 40 simulation courses, including our required STEPPS Program. 


STEPPS Program

The STEPPS Program provides students with the opportunity to develop communication skills in a challenging but supportive environment.

student talking in courtroom

Effective Communication

Students in the STEPPS Program will complete a variety of written projects and take part in several video recordings of lawyering performances. Some of the assignments include:  

  • An initial client interview regarding potential litigation.
  • A memorandum to a senior partner.
  • An advice letter to a client.
  • A counseling session with a client.
two students studying in the library

Inherent Norms and Values

Along with communication skills, it is imperative new lawyers understand the following norms and values inherent in the legal profession: 

  • Ability to reflect and improve.
  • Ability to work on a team.
  • Ability to solve problems creatively.
  • Ability to understand the importance of pro bono service.

How Does the STEPPS Program Develop “Practice-ready” Lawyers?

The STEPPS Program brings the practice to the law school. More than twenty experienced practitioners serve as adjunct professors in the STEPPS Program. Students gain insight from these experienced practitioners who often serve on the hiring committees of their respective firms. Finally, the STEPPS Program provides practical training in areas such as case management, time management, and billing practices.

blindfolded justice statue

First Year

  • Legal Skills Program
female student cross examination in moot courtroom

Second Year

  • STEPPS Program
  • Clinics (optional)
exterior of Hall of Justice building in downtown San Diego

Third Year

  • Clinical Externship Program

Integrating With the Profession 

Through the STEPPS Program students also develop practical training in a law office setting. The law office setting allows students to be put in situations they will face as a lawyer.

Law Office Setting  

  • Each student will be part of a law office with approximately 12 students.
  • An experienced attorney supervises each law office.
  • Each law office will meet for approximately 75 minutes each week.
  • The activities in the law office meetings will include many things that are normally done in real law offices, including case rounds and case handling discussions. The law office meetings also provide opportunities for discussion of ethical problems from both the cases and the course text, engagement in formative skills exercises, and evaluation and feedback on case handling performances.
  • The law office meetings will also provide students opportunities to discuss career issues and to experience work environments that are important to job selection and career choice.

 The Law Office Setting Provides:  

  • The use of simulated cases and clients allows students to gain experience without the risk of consequences to real clients and provides students with the opportunity to experiment with different lawyering styles.
  • The law office setting reinforces the substantive review of ethical rules and norms in the classroom sessions.
  • Ethical issues and dilemmas are placed in the context of the representation of a client – precisely where these issues and dilemmas arise in practice.   
  • By experiencing the issues and problems in context, students internalize and remember the rules and applications. 

Supervising Attorneys 

  • The supervising attorneys will be accessible to students in their law offices for individual consultations.
  • The supervising attorneys will provide individual feedback on written work and the lawyering skills performances.  

Professional Identity 

The STEPPS program helps students develop a professional identity. Lawyers are not one size fits all. The development of a professional identity begins with self-awareness, where students take stock of their personal experiences, characteristics, preferences, and biases.

The development of a professional identity also involves exposing students to different aspects of legal practice during their second year in law school. For example, within the safe explorative environment of the STEPPS Program, a soft-spoken student may find the voice and desire to become a litigator. Other students may find satisfaction in legal research, or in the contemplative aspects of practice. The STEPPS Program is designed to help students discover what type of lawyer they want to be. 


Simulation Courses

As a student at California Western you have access to over 40 simulations courses. These courses provide substantial lawyering experience through in-class practice with hypothetical facts. You will gain professional skills and subject area knowledge that prepare you for clinics and externship placements.

Courses Credits 
Legal Skills II  3 (Earn 2 EXP credits)
The STEPPS Program 4 (Earn 1 EXP credits)
ADR Competition Practicum 2
Advanced Legal Research  3
Advanced Negotiation 3
Advanced Criminal Defense Litigation 3
Advanced Prosecution Function 3
Alternative Dispute Resolution 3
Appellate Program for Distinguished Advocates 3
Commercial Real Estate Transactions 3
Contract Drafting 2
Culture & the Criminal Justice System 3
Current Issues in Constitutional Law 3
Entrepreneurship Law & Ethics 3
Estate Planning 2
Forensic Evidence 3
International Legal Research 2
Law and Lawyers in Pandemic 3
Law Office Technology:
Case Management & Marketing
Law Office Technology: Document Management 1
Legal Landscape of Preparing For and Surviving Natural Disasters 2
Mediation for Lawyers 3
Privacy Law 3
Specialized Legal Research 1
Trial Practice ("Small Section") 2
Trial Skills Training for Distinguished Advocates 2
Wrongful Conviction 2